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Viagra for Women: Why Your Doctor Might Prescribe 50 Shades of Grey

Could “mommy porn” have value in the doctor’s office? Unless you live in a cave (and we physicians sometimes do), you have heard of British author E.L. James’ modern erotic 50 Shades of Grey trilogy, 30-plus million copies sold, overwhelmingly to women. The trilogy is an erotic love story about a naïve college graduate who rescues an abused billionaire – a blend of the Story of O, Pretty Woman and a Danielle Steele novel. Not great literature, but clearly having some effect on the libido of millions of women. Do we finally have a safe and affordable clinical tool for women with blunted libidos and hypoactive sexual desire?

The prevalence of decreased female sexual desire and responsiveness has been estimated from 15 – 53%, higher in menopause and perimenopause. In one study, half of women with these symptoms spoke to their doctors about the problem, yet doctors have very few tools for women with hypoactive sexual desire. The phosphodiesterase inhibitors (nitric oxide agonists) such as Viagra increase genital circulation and can effectively treat erectile dysfunction in men, but have shown no benefit in women. Testosterone patches may increase sexual desire and satisfaction in both surgically and naturally menopausal women, but side effects can be uncomfortable, and long-term safety has not yet been established. The jury is still out on the effectiveness of adrenal hormone DHEA replacement, and herbal remedies such as gingko biloba.

So into the office walks a middle-aged female with a normal amount of stress, in a relationship that is comfortable but not passionate, and she wants her mojo back. Where does the doctor start and what is there to offer?

First, the differential diagnosis for diminished sexual desire and responsiveness in women: stress, relationship problems, depression, diabetes, endocrine (thyroid, prolactin, sex hormones), medication side effects (particularly antidepressants and blood pressure medication), vascular disease, nutritional deficiencies (and side effects of too much junk food), substance abuse, past history of trauma for starters. Eventually everything correctable has been corrected, you and your doctor have made a joint decision about the pros and cons of hormone replacement therapy … and still … no fire. Now what?

Think the missing hormone … oxytocin. That old induce-labor bag of pitocin IV hung on all those moms-to-be who weren’t progressing. Oxytocin, a major player in female sexual desire and responsiveness, released during any kind of cuddling – romantic, parental, puppies, and released during orgasm. And most importantly, released while reading romantic, erotic literature. But oxytocin blood tests are largely experimental and oxytocin replacement is not easily available at the pharmacy. How do you know if you have an oxytocin deficiency, and if it can be behaviorally corrected?

You take the oxytocin challenge test – read the entire Fifty Shades trilogy (all 3 books) in one week’s time, and see how you feel. (Don’t stop at the first book, it takes the next 2 books for the desired effect).

One middle-aged woman reported her animals sat next to her while she was reading, and she felt more connected and cuddly, but it didn’t save her relationship. She realized her lack of sexual desire was not physiological, but a result of relationship issues.

A younger woman reported more intense bonding with her young children and husband, and the “biggest orgasm” of her life.

A post-menopausal woman reported that she started to feel desire for her husband again, and had an increase in frequency of intercourse “like 20 years ago,” without hormone replacement, and with no change in their marriage. (He was delighted).

No meds, just books.

The key to the success of these books in women is not the abundant sex scenes, but the romance, and the massive release of oxytocin women experience as a result of immersing themselves in the “love” part of the book. Hearts and flowers increase desire in women; thus the success of the “chick flick” for dates.

Let’s face it. Pornography, written and visual, has existed forever, but remains a greater male stimulant than female. That difference is driven by physiology – women are not aroused by visual pornography to the degree that men are aroused. Male libido is stimulated more by visual and tactile erotic images and sensations – leading to a massive release of norepinephrine (energy/aggression) and dopamine (pleasure/reward). For men, increases in dopamine and norepinephrine appear to play a greater role in arousal than in women, whose arousal seems to be largely oxytocin driven.

What about men? Is there a diagnostic and treatment role for Fifty Shades and the like genre? As a sex manual, Fifty Shades has merit as a “touch here, kiss there, try this” benefit. As a male turn-on … maybe, but don’t count on it.  Cuddle? Pleasant, but not erection-inducing.

Is there anyone who should NOT read the Fifty Shades series? Yes – it may be too intense for younger women, even if sexually active, and it may be a trigger for women with sexual trauma or abuse histories, or it may simply be offensive. That said it’s certainly worth having a conversation with your doctor, and maybe getting a prescription for the bookstore or the library (if the waiting list isn’t too long!). You’ll love your doctor in the end.

This blog was originally posted on kevinmd.com

Dr. Sara Stein on the Medicinal Use for 50 Shades – Fox8 11-07-2012